Automotive Technician Program Discussed on America’s Work Force

On June 16, America’s Work Force Radio learned how Cuyahoga Community College Automotive plays a key role in training the next generation of General Motors automotive technicians.

Cuyahoga County Community CollegeTri-C Automotive Technician Program Director Kitty McCarthy came on AWF to discuss how GM pays for their apprentices to receive an automotive technician education. Called the General Motors Dealer Technician Apprenticeship, students learn the most up-to-date information in order to learn how to work as an automotive technician in the ever changing auto industry. The need for highly qualified technicians is increasing as vehicles are becoming increasingly complex, especially as manufacturers continue to push electric engines. In order to meet the demand for certified GM technicians at their dealerships, GM has stepped up to the plate. Once the technicians complete the GM Dealer Technicians Apprenticeship, they will be eligible for a job as an automotive technician with GM.

OFT-AFT Melissa CropperOhio Federation of Teachers President Melissa Cropper joined America’s Work Force Radio and talked about a failed loan forgiveness program for public service workers. According to Cropper, there is a loan forgiveness program that forgives student loan debt after 10 years of public sector service. Lately, loan officers are claiming people in the program, who were eligible for to have their loans forgiven, filled out their forms incorrectly and these companies are now unwilling to forgive the loans. Ultimately, these loan officers tell these individuals their loans were not forgiven and if they fill out their forms correctly this time, their loan will be forgiven in an additional 10 years.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc discussed the beginning of Mother Jones Magazine and the March of the Mill Children back in 1903.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, BMA MEDIA GROUP, COLUMBUS-CENTRAL OHIO BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL, CUYAHOGA COUNTY VETERAN SERVICE COMMISSION, COMMUNICATION WORKERS OF AMERICA, DAN DEVERNA, INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES DISTRICT COUNCIL 6, LABOR CITIZEN MAGAZINE LABORERS INTERNATIONAL UNION OF NORTH AMERICA, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS-AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, UCOMM BLOG, UNITED STEELWORKERS.

Education Budget and Accountability Discussed on America’s Work Force

Darold Johnson, director of legislation for the Ohio Federation of Teachers spoke to America’s Work Force on June 18 about Ohio school funding and policy.

OFT-AFT Melissa CropperJohnson first spoke about the problems that teachers are having in West Virginia, where lawmakers are trying to make legislation that will allow schools to fire teachers who are on strike. He said that this takes power away from the teachers because if they feel they are being mistreated or want to bargain for themselves, they could just be fired, giving all of the power to the school, and none to the teachers. Johnson then discussed the proposed education budget in Ohio and how it covers wrap around services, but not school funding. Lastly, he gave an overview on the school take over bill, House Bill 154, which would end the academic distress committee.

ProgressOhio Sandra TheisSandra Theis, interim executive director for ProgressOhio spoke with AWF on June 18 about the charter school accountability project. She talked about how there are an increasing amount of for-profit charter schools where more money is being given outside of the school, and less to the education for the students. Theis stressed that charter schools need to be held more accountable with their money and what they do with it, since children’s education should be a top priority, not making money while taking away valuable resources. She concluded her time on AWF by talking about the Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow (ECOT) scandal and how the FBI is being brought in to investigate it.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc talked about AFL-CIO President, Richard Trumka traveling to different states to hold meetings about the incomplete, new NAFTA agreement.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, BMA MEDIA GROUP, COLUMBUS-CENTRAL OHIO BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL, CUYAHOGA COUNTY VETERAN SERVICE COMMISSION, COMMUNICATION WORKERS OF AMERICA, DAN DEVERNA, INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES DISTRICT COUNCIL 6, LABOR CITIZEN MAGAZINE LABORERS INTERNATIONAL UNION OF NORTH AMERICA, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS-AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, UCOMM BLOG, UNITED STEELWORKERS.

The Dirty Dozen Corporations Discussed on America’s Work Force

Marcy Goldstein-Gelb, co-executive director of the National Council for Occupational Safety and Health spoke with America’s Work Force on May 21 about the United States “dirty dozen” companies.

National Council for Occupational Safety and Health NCOSH

Goldstein-Gelb spoke about the importance of workplace safety to allow workers to go to work, and come home safely with money in their pockets and no injuries sustained. She gave examples of corporations where injuries and deaths could have been prevented had the corporations followed OSHA standards. Goldstein-Gelb stated that workers should be properly trained and workplaces should be up to date on safety standards to ensure that the workers will be able to complete their jobs to the best of their abilities without having the high risk of injury or even death.

OFT-AFT Melissa Cropper

Melissa Cropper, president of the Ohio Federation of Teachers spoke with AWF on May 21 to speak about the current state of public school funding formulas. She said that the current funding formula is only helping approximately 80 districts, leaving out all of the rest. Cropper mentioned that districts that have greater poverty problems are more likely to be flat funded, making them worse off than many other districts. She also discussed the new Ohio budget plan that did not include a new school funding formula, but talked more about wrap around funding for basic needs.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc discussed Ford Motors cutting ten percent of their corporations salaried staff, and also House Bill 154, the Prioritizing Workers Act.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES, AFL-CIO, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, BMA MEDIA GROUP, COLUMBUS-CENTRAL OHIO BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL, CUYAHOGA COUNTY VETERAN SERVICE COMMISSION, COMMUNICATION WORKERS OF AMERICA, DAN DEVERNA, INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF MACHINISTS AND AEROSPACE WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES DISTRICT COUNCIL 6, LABOR CITIZEN MAGAZINE LABORERS INTERNATIONAL UNION OF NORTH AMERICA, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS-AMERICAN FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, UCOMM BLOG, UNITED STEELWORKERS.

New School Funding Formula Discussed on America’s Work Force

Melissa Cropper, President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers joined America’s Work Force on April 16 to speak about schools getting their fair share of government funding.

OFT-AFT Melissa CropperCropper talked about how there needs to be a new school funding system that will equally spread out money allocated to properly fund these schools. She discussed how urban and poor school districts have fallen victim to “flat funding” which she said is where they will receive less funding than a more wealthy school district. Cropper said that many people are calling the current funding system unconstitutional with how they are deciding who will receive more funding, even though everyone is supposed to get the same.

Cropper then went on to talk about schools preparedness for school shootings with more and more live shooter exercises. One school took their drills a little too far and grabbed four teachers, lead them into a room, and shot them execution style with an airsoft gun. Cropper was talking about how horrifying that is and how there are much more practical and safe ways to do these drills.

Jeff Bryant Our Schools Independent Media InstituteJeff Bryant, freelance journalist with the Independent Media Institute spoke to AWF on April 16 about wasting valuable money on charter schools. He talked about a charter school grant program that is taking money away from other school funding and how it is causing schools to have to cut programs so that they are able to remain open. He said one thing that is upsetting many other schools is that this charter school grant program is asking for more money, even though their education is being cut, and how he thinks they should be thoroughly audited so that people can see they do not need more money.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc spoke about the 20th anniversary of the Columbine High School Shooting and how schools have changed since then.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

Future of the General Motors Lordstown Plant Discussed on America’s Work Force

On March 19, Melissa Cropper, President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers, spoke with America’s Work Force about the future of the General Motors Lordstown plant.

OFT-AFT Melissa CropperCropper talked about what General Motors could have done differently in order to keep the plant active and make sure the workers were able to keep their jobs. Had they invested more of their money into retrofitting the plant into being able to produce more lines of vehicles or a different line other than the Cruz, then the plant would still be in operation. Cropper mentioned that GM was still making money on the Chevy Cruz from their plant, they just wanted more money, and that was one of the factors that led to the shutdown. She then went on to talk about Governor DeWine’s proposed budget plan and how she appreciates that he put money into a budget for wraparound services for students. Lastly, Cropper discussed the Summit Academy and how they received money to fix staffing needs and to resume normal business operations.

Dr. Michael HutchinsonDr. Michael Hutchinson, associate clinical professor at Mt. Sinai joined AWF on March 19 to speak about healing America’s healthcare system. He talked about what it means to have an “all care” system compared to a medicare for all system and how they are similar. Lastly, he talked about how an all care system is “free enterprise” compared to healthcare for all being a form of socialism.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc spoke about the new NAFTA, the United States-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement, and how there is still room for improvement for workers in it.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

Teacher Strike in Ohio Run Down on America’s Work Force

On Feb. 19, President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers, Melissa Cropper, discussed the increased in teachers going on strike across the United States on America’s Work Force.

OFT-AFT Melissa CropperTeachers throughout the U.S are standing up for themselves and their students and going on strike. This is the second teacher strike in a year in West Virginia for smaller class sizes, higher wages, more school counselors, and more quality resources for students. Cropper was joined by Christine Kindel, a teacher at Summit Academy in Ohio, currently on strike to fight for better resources for their students. Kindel said that the issues that resorted to their strike are resulting in a decline in janitorial services, teachers are leaving, which creates bigger classes, lack of special education resources, and other health and safety concerns at her school. She feels that it is unfair for the students and hopes to reach an agreement soon because this is ultimately hurting the students.

Fix Our Roads OhioKeary McCarthy of the Ohio Mayor’s Alliance discussed fixing Ohio’s roads during his Feb. 19 appearance on AWF. McCarthy is part of a coalition called Fix Our Roads Ohio, which stresses the needs of Ohio’s transportation infrastructure and a long term funding solution to fix and improve it for years to come.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc spoke about Ohio Republican lawmakers pushing to make Ohio’s prevailing wage an option rather than mandatory. He also talked about a non-partisan coalition coming together to review and assess immigration and border security needs.



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

Value of Higher Education Examined on America’s Work Force

The value of higher education was a main topic of discussion during the Jan. 15 edition of America’s Work Force.

Holden Thorp and Buck Goldstein, co-authors of Our Higher Calling: Rebuilding the Partnership Between America and Its Colleges and Universities, talked about putting a value on the education received from a college or university. They said that students go to college because they think that it is the only path to a good paying job directly out of school. Rather, most students end up leaving their university with crippling debt and no guaranteed job to help pay off their debts. They said that with the tuition of a university is rapidly increasing and students are forced to weigh their options and decide if higher education is truly worth it for them. With the great opportunities that apprenticeships in the trades offer, such as free education, guaranteed job placement, and an earn-while-you-learn model, some young adults are better off going into the trades rather than a university and setting themselves behind with debt and no job.

Melissa Cropper, President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers, discussed the Los Angeles teacher strike during her Jan. 15 appearance on AWF. Cropper said that the lack of funding was a major reason for the teachers to initiate their strike in Los Angeles. The teachers want higher wages, smaller class sizes and better funding to help the students receive the attention and better quality education that they deserve. Cropper also talked about the expansion of charter schools in Ohio.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc discussed the L.A. teachers strike in the second largest school district in the United States. He also talks about the ongoing government shutdown.

America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.



Oscar Meyer Heir Talks Wealth Inequality on America’s Work Force

Chuck Collins, author of Born on Third Base and Is Inequality in America Irreversible, talked wealth inequality on America’s Work Force Radio.

Chuck Collins

Collins, Director of Program on Inequality and the Common Good, appeared on the Dec. 18 episode and discussed the growing concentration of wealth and the advantages of being in the top 1 percent. Well-known as the Oscar Meyer heir who gave away his trust fund, Collins detailed a few advantages of being in the 1 percent. He explained how the richest Americans can hire professionals to lobby for changes in tax codes that will benefit them by reducing their tax obligations and shift the tax burden onto others. Collins laid out a plan to reverse wealth inequality, which includes the need for millennials to become more politically active and fight for progressive ideas, free college education, Medicare for all, the investment in infrastructure and increase taxes to high-income earners.

OFT AFT

President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers Melissa Cropper joined America’s Work Force Radio and spoke about the latest union victory in the education field, as the Georgetown Alliance of Graduate Employees won their battle for underpaid and overworked teacher assistants and research assistants, who will now receive better pay and benefits. She talked about the push her union is making in organizing within Cleveland-area charter schools. Besides talking about organized labor, Cropper also discussed how many Ohio schools have or are working to raise money for the Make-A-Wish program, which grants wishes to children diagnosed with a critical illness.

AWF host Ed “Flash” Ferenc talked about the Michigan legislature, which continues to take an anti-worker stance by prohibiting union members to negotiate during working hours.  



America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

Student Debt Crisis Explained on America’s Work Force Radio

America’s Work Force Radio took an indepth look at the country’s student debt crisis.

Danny Iny Learned Leverage

Danny Iny, author of Leveraged Learning and founder of the online company Mirasee, spoke about the alarming statistics showing that student debt is on the rise nationally. Iny said the cost of attending a college or university is going up, while the value of college is going down. While student are graduating from a college or university, they are not equipped with the skills for jobs in their field of choice, leaving them with no income to pay off their student debt loan. Iny said the problem with higher education is colleges and universities are not providing students the skills needed to succeed in the real world.

OFT AFT

President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers Melissa Cropper appeared on AWF on Nov. 20 and discussed the results of the 2018 midterm elections. She said gerrymandering is a problem in Ohio. Cropper discussed the effort by former U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions to take school funding out of the union’s constitution.

America’s Work Force Radio host Ed “Flash” Ferenc also discussed the California wildfires.


America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.


Melissa Cropper, vice president of American Federation of Teachers, featured on America’s Work Force Radio

Melissa Cropper and Steve Rosenfeld made guest appearances on America’s Work Force Radio.

OFT AFT

On Oct. 16, Cropper, President of the Ohio Federation of Teachers and Vice President of the American Federation of Teachers, discussed student debt. She also spoke about a class action lawsuit against Navient, who made numerous misrepresentations to steer borrowers away from public service loan forgiveness programs and into student loan repayment programs, which do not offer forgiveness after making a certain amount of payments.

Steve Rosenfeld Democracy Betrayed

Rosenfeld, author of Democracy Betrayed, has written a number of articles about the 2016 election. He talked about misinformation and false news about candidates on social media. He discussed how and why certain campaigns are being advertised to you on social media and spoke about his 2018 voter’s guide, which is meant to help connect voters to accurate, unbiased information so they can make educated votes in the upcoming General Election.

Show host Ed “Flash” Ferenc also discussed two other topics, the Women Build Nations Conference, a building trades conference promoting women in the construction workforce, and food stamp usage in Ohio.


America’s Work Force is the only daily labor-radio program in the US and has been on the air since 1993, supplying listeners with useful, relevant input into their daily lives through fact-finding features, in-depth interviews, informative news segments and practical consumer reports. America’s Work Force is committed to providing an accessible venue in which America’s workers and their families can hear discussion on important, relevant topics such as employment, healthcare, legislative action, labor-management relations, corporate practices, finances, local and national politics, consumer reports and labor issues.

AMERICA’S WORK FORCE RADIO IS BROUGHT TO YOU IN PART BY OUR SPONSORS LIUNA,COMMUNICATIONS WORKERS OF AMERICA, UNITED STEEL WORKERS, UNITED LABOR AGENCY, INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PAINTERS AND ALLIED TRADES, UNITED AUTO WORKERS, INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF TEAMSTERS, AFL-CIO, OHIO FEDERATION OF TEACHERS, CLEVELAND FEDERATION OF MUSICIANS, AMERICAN FEDERATION OF GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.